A vest, a full-sleeve frock, a napkin, a cap and socks would be required even in summer. In winter, 2 or 3 additional layers of woolen clothes are necessary. The baby should be wrapped in a double layer of cotton-sheet in summer and woolen blankets in winter. Additional clothes may be necessary in extremely cold conditions when baby is small and weak. The baby’s clothes should be made of natural fabric (cotton or wool).
Must pass urine within 48 hours of birth. Normal baby may pass urine every half an hour or only 4-5 times a day during the first few weeks of life. Some babies may cry before passing urine due to discomfort of a full bladder.
Passes the first stool within 24 hours. The stools are black and tar like in appearance during the first 2 or 3 days. For the next 1 to 2 days the stools are greenish in color. Later, the stool in a breast fed baby are golden yellow and semi-loose in consistency. May pass small amount of stools every time there is a passage of wind or soon after every feed. Frequency may be as much as 8 –12 stools per day or even more. As long as the stools are not watery, do not contain blood or mucus, the baby is gaining weight and is not otherwise unwell, no treatment is required. Sometimes newborn babies may pass stools once in 3-4 days. If stools are of normal consistency and appearance, usually there is no cause for concern.
Hiccups and sneezing are common and normal.
Usually falls anytime between 1 to 2 weeks after birth. Sometimes there is a minimal ooze of blood secretions, it is normal. Keep this area as clean and dry as possible. Do not cover it with the diaper. Keep the area of umbilical stump clean with spirit.
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